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Located 38 kms from Mannarkkad, the place consists of mostly hilly highland terrain, fed by the tributaries of the River Cauvery. An extensive mountain valley above the crest of the Ghat ranges with numerous rivulets of the Bhavani River, Attapady is inhabited mainly by tribes and some settlers from Tamil Nadu. A beautiful synthesis of mountains, rivers and forests, Attapaddy is of great interest to anthropologists, as this is the habitat of many tribes like the 'irolas' and 'mudugars'.
Historic Places in Kerala
St. Thomas Church
In AD 52, the first Christian church in India was constructed by Saint Thomas at a place called Maliyenkara in Kondungalloor (Formerly called Muziris). St Thomas the apostle of Christ is believed to have come to Cranganore and preached the gospel. The bones of the right hand of St Thomas are placed in the church since 1953 as a memento. The church is at a distance of 50 meters from the resort.
Cheraman Perumals Mosque Cheraman Perumals Mosque
It is Indias first Muslim mosque built in 629 AD by Malik Ibn Dinar, a follower of Prophet Mohammed. Unlike other Mosques in Kerala that face westward this mosque faces eastward. The mosque has an ancient oil lamp which always burns and which is believed to be more than a thousand years old. People bring oil for the lamp as an offering here. This is one of the few mosques in Kerala which allow entry for people of other religions. In recent years, the mosque has observed vidyarambha, a Hindu initiation ritual marking the beginning of a child's learning. The mosque is 3km away from the resort.
Kodungalloor Bhagavathy Temple
This is a unique temple dedicated to the goddess Bhadrakali. Legend has it that this temple was built by Cheran Senguttuvan for Kannagi as a manifestation of Goddess Kali or Durga. Kannaki, the protagonist in the south Indian epic Silapathikaram composed by poet Ilango Adigal, took revenge on the king of Madurai, for a mistaken death penalty imposed on her husband Kovalan, by cursing the city with disaster. Kannagi is percievd and worshipped as an avatar of Kali. Inside the temple there is an idol portraying Kali with one breast and is hence identified with Kannagi(who tore away and threw her breast infuriated by the injustice that caused her husbands death.) Historians are of the view that this was a jain temple in the past. The temple is known for its Bharani festival and is situated 4 kms away from the resort.
This palace, which was built by the Dutch, as a gesture of goodwill to the Paliyathachans is about 39 km's from Ernakulam and 14 km's from Cherai enroute to Kodungalloor. A palace was built exclusively for the women within the fort, which gave it the name Kottayil Kovilakom. It is also a centre for religious integration as Shri Krishna Temple, an old Syrian Catholic Church, a mosque and a Jewish Synagogue are located very close to each other, bearing testimony of the enviable cultural harmony of Kerala.
The Portuguese built the Kottappuram fort or Cranganoor Fort in 1523 AD. The Dutch took possession of it in 1661. The Dutch recaptured it two years later, and, having ceded it to Tipu Sultan in 1784, sold it to the Travancore raja, and again in 1789 to Tippoo, who destroyed it in the following year. The remains show that the original fort wall was 18 feet in thickness. The ruin is also known as Tipu's fort. The fort is at a distance of 2km from Kodungalloor town..
Thiruvanchikulam Mahadeva Temple
One of the oldest Siva temples in south India where Lord Siva is said to live along with his whole family. The temple lies at Methala village, south of Kodungalloor, 30 kms from Thrissur town. There is a namaskara mandapam in front of the sri kovil with 16 pillars where it is depicted that the temple was renovated in 1801. In this temple, Lord Shiva is worshipped as Uma Maheswara, in contrast to other temples where the Lord's consort has a separate sanctum. This temple has another rare event called "Anayottam" (Elephant race) which is part of the annual festival. Shivaratri is also celebrated in a grand way. The western entrance of the temple is on the Kodungalloor - Ernakulam highway.(NH 17)
Edavilangu Sivakrishnapuram Temple
This is one of the oldest temples of Kondungalloor, looked after by the devotees of Edavilangu.The temple was previously under the Cochin Devaswom Board. Here Lord Shiva and Krishna are the main idols.
Built by the Dutch in 1744, the Bolghatty palace in Ernakulam is on an island, off Cochin in the Arabian Sea. The building was once a Governor's palace for the Dutch and later the home of the British Residents. Today, this is one of the prestigious hotels of the Kerala Tourism Development Corporation.
Cheruthuruthy (Kerala Kalamandalam) north of Trichur, 29km away, near the Shornore Railway Junction. Mahakavi Vallathol founded Kerala Kalamandalam at Cheruthuruthy, in 1930. It's main objective is to revive, preserve and develop the traditional art form of Kerala, particularly Kathakali.Now the Kerala Kalamandalam is functioning at Vallathol Nagar, in Cheruthuruthy with its new building complex the Natyagraha. The old Kerala Kalamandalam is still at Cheruthuruthy on the shore of Nila River (Bharathapuzha). The Samadhi of Poet Vallathol, the founder of the institution, is in the premises of the old Kalamandalam.It is in this academy that the best of Kerala's Kathakali performers get their rigorous training. The institution also offers training in music, drama, and other dance forms including Mohiniyattom, Koodiyattom and Ottan Thullal.
The Alwaye palace is situated on the banks of the Periyar River with beautiful circular verandas overlooking the river. This old palace building is now The Alwaye Guest House, which is one of the loveliest in this State.
Dedicated to Lord Krishna is another pilgrim place for Hindus. The temple Aranmula can be reached from Chengannur on the Thiruvananthapuram - Kottayam route. A major attraction are the snake boat races held as part of the Uthrettathi festival in August/September. Aranmula is famed for its hand-made mirrors of polished metal called the "Aranmula Kannadi".
St. Sebastian Church
Portuguese missionaries established one of the most important pilgrim centres of the Christians in Kerala, popularly known as St. Sebastian Church, 22 kms; north of Alleppey. This church is near Sherthallai. The feast of St. Sebastian is held here every January.
The largest and the best-preserved fort in Kerala, Bekkal Fort, in Kasarkode, is 16 km south on the National Highway. The beautiful Bakkel beach with the historic and archaeologically significant fort in the background is now being developed, into an international tourist destination. Earlier it was part of the kingdom of Ikkiri Naiks, provincial rulers of the Vijayanagara Empire.It became part of the Vijayanagar Empire. In the late 18th century Tipu Sultan captured it. An old mosque near the fort is believed to have been built by the Mysore forces. After the British overthrew him, the fort came under the East India Company.
Thrissur is a good base for a pilgrim trip to Guruvayur, 32 kms away. It is among India's most important pilgrimage centres and is also known as the Dwaraka of the South. The Sree Krishna Swamy Temple, which attracts thousands of pilgrims is said to date prior to the 16th century. Tradition has it that Guru-the preceptor of the Devas, and Vayu-the Lord of the Winds created the temple. The temple is dedicated to Krishna known here as Guruvayurappan or the Lord of Guruvayur, the extreme grounds of Punnathur Kotta near Guruvayoor houses the elephants of Guruvayoor temple.The building was once the palace of a provincial chieftain Punnathur Nambidi
Though located at Thuckalai in Kanyakumari district of Tamil Nadu, (65 kms south of Thiruvananthapuram) this former palace of Travancore is a splendid example of Kerala architecture. It is a protected monument of the Kerala State Archaeology Department. The palace is noted for its excellent wood architecture and murals.
This 18th century palace known as Koikkal Kottaram is situated about fourteen Kms from Thiruvananthapuram at Nedumangad.The palace today houses a folklore museum and a numismatic museum as well.
The Churches ar Muttuchira (Kottayam)
Situated on the MC Road, between Vaikom and Kaduthuruthi, Muttuchira has an interesting conglomeration of three churches of different periods built in the same compound. These churches display distinctive features of the evolution of Church architecture in Keraa, the oldest of which is a typical example of Neo-Boroque style.
This is also another protected monument of the state. A former palace of Travancore kings, it was built in the 18th century at Krishnapuram in Kayamkulam in Alappuzha district.This monument is often reffered to as a miniature model of Padmanabhapuram Palace.
This was a palace built for the Raja of Kochi in1552 AD by the Portugese. But posterity remembers this monument as the Dutch Palace, mainly because it was renovated and re-built by the Dutch East India Company. The palace has beautiful murals and a remarkable display of old Palanquins and armoury.
Hill Palace Museum (Ernakulam)
This museum displays the erstwhile wealth and prosperity of the royal family of Cochin, including the king's throne and crown. Also on display are other trapping of royalty like majestic beds, paintings, carving and samples of epigraphy. Tripunithura is also known for the nearby Chottanikkara Temple and the Tripunithura Temple.
Palace and Jewish Synagogue (Mattancherry)
It was built in 1568 AD, the great scrolls of the Old Testament, the copper plates in which the grants of privilege made by the Kerala rulers Bhaskara Varma in A.D 1000 and the exquisite Chinese hand painted tiles are of interest. No two tiles are alike and are two hundred years old. There are also several finely wrought gold and silver crowns gifted to the synagogue by various patrons.
Arackal Palace & Kannur Fort
The Arackal Palace is the sole Royal household of Muslims in Kerala.It is located at Kannur. The Arackkal Family was known as Arackkal Beevi,who could also be invested with sovereignity if she happened to be older than the senior male member of the family. The fort built by the Portugese stands nearby.
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