> Kerala Travel Guide
Kerala Travel Guide
unique opportunity to experience breathtakingly beautiful backwaters
which consist of a complex network of brackish lagoons, lovely lakes and
canals. The most predominant way to experience the Kerala backwaters is
Kerala houseboats (also known as Kettuvalloms). Take a leisurely journey
along Kerala backwater on luxurious Kerala houseboats. Have opportunity
to reside at Kerala houseboat floating over beautiful backwaters. Kerala
houseboats are also very popular among honeymooner as they provide sheer
verdant green surrounding and exceptional natural beauty.
- Capital : Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum)
- Famous For : Backwaters, Beaches, Ayurveda
- Temperature : Summer - Max.36.2, Min.20.6, and Winter -
- Rainfall : 170 cm (May to November)
- Ideal Time to Visit : September- April
- Language : Malayalam, English
Kerala is on the southernmost tip of India. It stretches along the
coast of the Arabian Sea and is separated from the rest of the sub
continent by the steep Western Ghats. The state lies between 80 18 ' and
120 48 ' north latitude and 740 52' and 770 22' east longitude. The
breadth of the state varies from 32 kms in the extreme north and south
to over 120 kms in the middle. The backwaters of Kerala are unique
attraction to tourists. The biggest among these backwaters is the
Vembanad lake, with an area of 200 sq km, which opens out into the
Arabian Sea at Cochin port. Backwaters, historical structures, culture,
wildlife, and natural beauty, the state has all these and more. Major
Cities in Kerala
Beaches in Kerala
Part of the famous Malabar region, Kannur has
historically always been in the thick of action. Kollathiri Rajas,
Pazhassi Rajas, Ali Rajas, The Portuguese, The Dutch, The French,
The British, then the freedom struggle etc are all part of its
history. Forts, Temples, Beaches and the temple festivals make
Kannur worth visiting.
Munnar, a misty, lush green hill station up in
the Annamalai range of Kerala, is a tea plantation centre. Tea
gardens, some of the highest in the world stretch up the sides of
the hills and are interspersed with pockets of forest rich in
Malappuram (literally, a land atop hills)
is situated 50 km south east of Kozhikode. Bounded by the Nilgiri
hills on the east, the Arabian sea on the west and Thrissur and
Palakkad districts on the south, Malappuram is enriched by three
great rivers flowing through it - the Chaliyar, the Kadalundi and
the Bharathapuzha. It was a famous centre for Hindu-Vedic learning
and Islamic philosophy.
The unspoiled natural queen of Kerala, a
tourist paradise, "Idukki". This is the most gifted
district of Kerala. About 1500 Sq.Km. of its area is reserved
forest, much of which is home to a variety of flora and fauna. This
forest area house wild life like, tigers, deer, Indian bisons and
monkeys. Streams, valleys and hills combine to make Idukki an ideal
year-round holiday destination.
- Thekkady (Periyar)
Thekkady, 115 km from Kottayam, is
the one of best known wild life centres in India. The Periyar Wild
Life Sanctuary here, offers a fairly good chance of seeing the great
Indian tiger in its natural habitat.
At the southern end of the state,
Thiruvananthapuram is a district surrounded by the Arabian sea and
the Western Ghats. The district headquarters, also of the same name,
is the Capital of the state. During the British period and till a
few years ago, it was known as Trivandrum, a name that suited the
English to pronounce. A quiet, neat and clean city, it has a rich
cultural heritage too.
Alleppey is well known for its boat races,
houseboats, coir products, fish and lakes. Alleppey is a lovely
backwater destination, offering visitors many other leisure options
like - boating and fishing, very popular with the tourists. With
calm backwaters, beautiful houseboats, Cormorants, Chinese fishing
nets and swaying palms - Alleppey is a perfect relaxation your
Cochin is the commercial capital of Kerala,
and is sometimes referred to as the 'Queen of the Arabian Sea'.
Cochin proudly boasts a rich cultural heritage, but is one of the
most fast paced and modern cities in India. It is also one of the
finest natural harbours of the world and a major Indian port.
- Calicut Vythiry (Wyanad)
Wildlife in Kerala
- Kovalam Beach
- Chowara Beach
- Shanghumugham Beach
- Varkala Papanasam Beach
- Bekal Beach
- Alleppey Beach
- Quilon Beach
- Cherayi Beach (Kochi)
Fair & Festivals in Kerala
- Shenduruni Wildlife Sanctuary
(66 km from town on the
Kollam-Shencotta road) : Main attractions: Elephatns, tigers,
leopards, bears, lion tailed macques.
- Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary
(50 km from
Thiruvananthapuram) Main attractions: Elephants, sambar deer,
leopards and lion tailed macques.
- Neyyar wildlife Sanctuary
(30 km from
Thiruvananthapuram) Main attractions: Elephants , gaurs, sloth,
bears, Nilgiri tahrs, lion safari park.
- Trekking Trails
the second highest peak in Kerala, at a height of 1890 m above sea
level. (Rcommended season for trekking: December to April)
- Silent Valley National Park
(40 km from Mannarghat):
Main attractions: Elephants, tigers, wild boars, flying squirrels,
lion tailed macaques and king cobras.
- Periyar Tiger Reserve
One of the world's most
fascinating natural wildlife sanctuaries, Thekaddy is noted for its
geomorphology, wildlife and beautiful landscape. This sanctuary was
declared a Tiger Reserve in 1978, Entry to the Periyar Wildlfie
Sanctuary: 0600-1800 hrs
- Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary
Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary,
situated on the banks of the Vembanand Lake is known for its varied
avian population. Local varieties such as waterfowls, cuckoos and
owls, as well as the migratory Siberian Cranes can be viewed here.
- Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary
One of the well known
wildlife sanctuaries in the south, Periyar sanctuary attracts a
large number of nature lovers every year. Also called the Thekkady
Wildlife Sanctuary, this place is ideal for watching the animals in
their natural habitat.
Hill Stations in Kerala
- Thrichenganoor Mahadeva Temple
- Thaipooya Mahptsavam
- Danaha Perunal
- Soorya Dance Festival
- Kothamangalam Marthoman Church
- Nishagandhi Dance Festival
- Attukal Pongala Utsavam
- Malabar Mahotsavam
- Kalavayal (Cattle Fair)
- Trissur Pooram
- Mannarasala Aayilyam
- Parumala Perunal
- St. Mary's Forane Church, Bharananganam
- Sree Krishna Temple
Temples in Kerala
Munnar is a hill station, located at an
altitude of 1,600m, was once the summer resort of the erstwhile
British government in South India.
Situated at a height of 1,700m, Mattupetti
is famous for its highly specialised dairy farm, the Indo-Swiss live
stock project. Over 100 varieties of high yielding cattle are reared
here. Visitors are allowed into three of the eleven cattle sheds at
The enchanting bounty of nature can be
witnessed in the quiet surroundings of Ponmudi. Perched at an
altitude of over 100m above sea level on the Western Ghats, the
shimmering green waters of the winding streams and verdant woods of
Ponmudi do not spare anybody.
How to Reach
- Sabarimala Temple
- Guruvayoor Temple
- Sri Padmanabh Swamy Temple
- Vadukkumnathan Temple
- By Air
Two international airports one at
Thiruvananthapuram and the other at Kochi connect Kerala to all the
important cities. The nearest airport is at Thiruvananthapuram.
Air-India and Indian Airlines flights connect the city to all the
other major cities in India. Private Airlines: Continental Airways
operate flight to Thiruvananthapuram from Mumbai and Goa.
- By Rail
Thiruvananthapuram is directly connected by
rail to all the major cities in India.
- By Road
Thiruvananthapuram is connected by regular
bus services to several parts of India. Important distances are:
Cochin 223 kms, Kanyakumari 87 kms, Periyar 272 kms.
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